FACT FILE — ENGLAND:

England: is the largest country in the island of Great Britain, It is triangular in shape. The old Latin name was Anglia It occupies the entire island east of Wales and south of Scotland.

The eastern side is bounded by the North Sea. The northern boundary with Scotland extends from the Solway Firth in the west along the Cheviot Hills to the mouth of the Tweed on the east. The bottom part of the triangle fronts the English Channel and the Strait of Dover along the southwestern and southern coast of England and the Isle of Wight .

The north and west are generally mountainous with the principal highland region being the Pennines. The country has many beautiful areas, The Lake District, Sussex, the Home Counties. , East Anglia, Devon & Cornwall to name but a few.

The climate varies on average from 4 degrees C to 18 degrees C. England covers 130,410 sq km (50,352 sq mi), equivalent to 57 per cent of the area of Great Britain

The capital city is London (The host city for the 2012 Olympics) and other major cities are Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Sheffield & Bristol. Major seaside resorts are Brighton, Bournemouth & Blackpool.

England has the highest level of population of the three countries. There are holiday areas throughout the country and a wealth of history to discover.

Communications are good with an excellent motorway network (that is Free and only has a few tolls — river crossings, section near Birmingham etc) although in the peak holiday periods in summer some of these become very congested. Connections to mainland Europe are excellent with the Channel Tunnel (direct passenger trains from London to Paris or Brussels) and Dover being the busiest cross channel car ferry port in Britain.

South of Portsmouth is the Isle of Wight and the Scilly Isles are located off the coast of Cornwall.In Cornwall you will the picturesque town of Polpero. Boat trips operate from polperro harbour every few mins. Doing half hour trips along the coast and also trips by boat to neighbouring Looe and Fowey.The Eden project is about 20 miles from polperro. Polperro itself has to much to offer with many bars and restaurants. The coastal walk which runs the length of Cornwall.

Cuisine is very good and England is famous for its pubs. You can normally eat very well in a pub and enjoy a pint of beer or a glass of wine or two with your meal.

The Counties of England: Avon, Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Bristol, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Cornwall, Cumbria, Derbyshire, Devon, Dorset, Durham, East Riding of Yorkshire, East Sussex, Essex, Gloucestershire, Greater London, Greater Manchester, Hampshire, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Humberside Kent, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Merseyside, Norfolk, North Yorkshire, Northamptonshire, Northumberland, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Rutland, Shropshire, Somerset, South Yorkshire, Staffordshire, Suffolk, Surrey, Tyne and Wear, Warwickshire, West Midlands, West Sussex, West Yorkshire, Wiltshire, Worcestershire

London:

London is the capital of England and Britain and will be the host city to the 2012 Olympics. It is a vibrant, bustling, multi-cultural city steeped in history. With a population of over 7 million. It is divided by the River Thames with numerous bridges to cross. It has something to offer everyone with over 30,000 shops in bustling shopping centres with all the major stores, specialist shops and markets (like in Camden, Notting Hill or Brick Lane), stately homes and houses, cathedrals and churches, tranquil green parks and a zoo, over 300 museums and art galleries and a superb choice of over 6,000 restaurants, hotels b&b’s and self catering accommodation. As well as all of these there are the cinemas in Leicester Square and Theatre land in Shaftsbury Avenue and surrounding streets.

Places to visit: Buckingham Palace (The Royal family’s main London residence), The London Eye, British Museum, The Tower of London, Regents Park and zoo, St Paul's Cathedral, Westminster Abbey, Westminster Cathedral The National Maritime Museum, The Royal Albert Hall – the home of the Prom concerts. ( The capital also has 400 live music venues, catering for everything from opera to Brit pop), The new Wembley stadium, Houses of Parliament, Madame Tussaud's and London Planetarium, Hampton Court Palace, The London Dungeon and of course the world famous black taxi cabs and red buses.

London is well served by the Underground (Metro – Subway) railway and fast train direct train services to Wales, Scotland and via the Channel Tunnel to Brussels and Paris.

See also Driving in the UK at insurance4carrental.com

The Congestion Charge:

Congestion charging is a way of ensuring that those using valuable and congested road space make a financial contribution. It encourages the use of other modes of transport and is also intended to ensure that, for those who have to use the roads, journey times are quicker and more reliable. The London scheme requires drivers to pay £8 per day if they wish to continue driving in central London during the scheme‘s hours of operation

The following explains why the Mayor decided to introduce congestion charging in central London

  • London suffers the worst traffic congestion in the UK and amongst the worst in Europe.
  • Drivers in central London spend 50% of their time in queues
  • Every weekday morning, the equivalent of 25 busy motorway lanes of traffic tries to enter central London
  • It has been estimated that London loses between £2–4 million every week in terms of lost time caused by congestion
  • When does it operate:

    Current Congestion Operating Hours are 7:00AM — 6:00PM Monday to Friday, excluding Public Holidays.

    TOUR DE FRANCE 2007

    For the first time in its history, the Tour de France starts from London following a meeting with Tour President Christian Prudhomme and Mayor Ken Livingstone. This will occur on the 2nd July 2007 when the cyclists will set of from London to Canterbury before going to Dunkerque.

    Voltage: The standard electrical voltage in England/ Britain is 240 v AC, 50HZ. A three square pronged adapter plug and/or electric converter for appliances is required

    Country Telephone Dialling Code: +44

    Emergency Telephone number: pan-EU Emergency 112 Can be used in all EU Countries and it can be dialled from a locked mobile or a mobile with no sim card.

    Currency: Pound Sterling [United Kingdom Pound] (£)

    Population 2006: 50,093,100

    Land Area: 130,395 Km2

    Vehicles drive on the LEFT

    GENERAL DRIVING TIPS:

    This information is supplied by HOLIDAY AUTOS Worlwide Car Hire

    Drink and driving: Blood alcohol limit is 80 mg.

    Built-up areas: 30 mph single carriage ways: 60 mph dual carriage ways: 70 mph motorways: 70 mph.

    Vehicles drive on the LEFT and only overtake vehicles on the right.

    At roundabouts, traffic coming from the right has priority.

    Make sure you understand about double and single yellow line. parking.

    It is illegal to use a hand-held mobile when driving.

    As long as you hold a full licence in your own country and have done so for at least a year, you can drive on British roads.

    Motorways are shown by 'M' plus a number on signs. There are no toll charges to pay on British motorways except the M4 Severn Bridge into Wales, the Humber Bridge near Hull, the M25 Dartford Tunnel and part of the M6 (north of Birmingham).

    Try and avoid the M25 'London Orbital ' and the M5/M6 in Birmingham during rush hour times (0800-0930 and 1630-1800) as these can be extremely busy.

    For Car Rental / Car Hire & Car hire excess insurance — More Information.

    If you are looking for a Low Cost Travel Insurance policy visit our Insurance section.

    Holiday Home Property Insurance for France, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Italy, Ireland, Germany, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Malta, Cyprus, England, Scotland and Wales — visit our Holday Home Insurance section.

    Enjoy your visit to England


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