FACT FILE Slovenia — Slovenija -
The Republic of Slovenia lies at the heart of Europe, where the Alps and the Mediterranean meet the Pannonian plains and the mysterious Karst. To the north is Austria; to the east, Hungary; to the south, Croatia; and to the west, Italy.
Area: 20,273 km2
Population: 1,964,036 (2002 census)
Capital city: Ljubljana
Language: Slovene; in nationally mixed areas, also Italian and Hungarian
Currency: Euro from 1st January 2007 — up till then it was the Slovenian tolar (SIT)
- Independence — 25 June 1991 — Member of EU — 1 May 2004
Time zone Central European (GMT + 1hr)
Language The official language in Slovenian is Slovenian. A large number of inhabitants also speak English, German or Italian.
Electricity voltage 220 V, 50 Hz
Water Tap water is drinkable across the country
Country and area Telephone codes
International calls from Slovenia: 00 + country code + area code + telephone number
Other area numbers in Slovenia
02 — Maribor — 02 — Murska Sobota — 03 — Celje — 03 — Trbovlje — 04 — Kranj — 05 — Koper — 05 — Nova Gorica — 07 — Novo mesto
Emergency Telephone number: pan-EU Emergency 112 Can be used in all EU Countries and it can be dialled from a locked mobile or a mobile with no sim card.
Vehicles drive on the RIGHT
Slovenia became an independent state in 1991 and a member of the EU on May 1, 2004. In Slovenia, you can experience amazing contrasts in the same day: a morning swim in the Adriatic, followed two hours later by skiing below Alpine peaks, then an adventurous discovery of Karst subterranean phenomena and an invigorating bath in a thermal spring; an encounter with history in a lively mediaeval city and, not far away, a more solitary stroll through primeval forests or undulating, winegrowing hills.
Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia
The smallest and safest capital city of Europe on the crossing of Roman, German and Slavic culture yet big enough for everyone to find a place for themselves. It has with about 276,000 inhabitants, is considered a city which suits everyone from its inhabitants to its numerous visitors as well. It has everything 'big cities' have – it’s a city of culture, art, tourism, congress activity and entertainment. Especially in summer, there is a plenty of culture events: Summer culture festival, Trnfest, Street events all over Ljubljana. Many of them free, dedicated to children and adults. Ljubljana is a bit less crowded than other European capitals or big cities like Vienna, Salzburg, Rome, Paris, Berlin, Munich. Ljubljana is expecting you.
The nightly cultural festival is the one of the summer events in Ljubljana, traditionally in KUD France Prešeren in Trnovo (France Prešeren is the most important Slovene poet). Trnfest runs all throughout August, with the opening taking place the last two days of July, and the grand-finale bash scheduled for the first evening in September.
In the 5 weeks of the festival, one can experience a multitude of eclectic happenings for all ages and tastes, from wild gypsy-ethno concerts to ambiantal acid-jazz accompanied visual-art shows, improvisational "theater sports", art exhibits (3 shows dedicated to football (soccer), DJ'ed parties as well as dance performances. Of course, for those of you who prefer to participate in the creative process rather than merely observe, there are also weekly workshops in African dance, the ABC's of acting, Batik painting on clothes, in addition to the traditional Thursday afternoon children's creative workshops.
Carniola — Kranj and Kamniške-Savinjske Alps Region
This is where the Sava River reveals its true face and its power is invigorated by tributaries from the left and right, the land widens. Here, cities and towns with venerable traditions together with towns and villages scattered across the high alpine mountains and softly rounded hills create a land of new experiences not far- from the nation’s capital Ljubljana.
Coast and Karst
The sun strokes the picturesque Mediterranean towns on the Adriatic coast. Its rays are infatuated with the beauty of the Karst region planted with olive groves and vineyards, with peach orchards and cherry trees. Some of the most beautiful underground worlds of our planet lie below their roots. There are more than six thousand karst caves and sinkholes in Slovenia, and ten of these treasuries of limestone masterpieces created by disappearing karst rivers have been adapted and opened for tourists.
Dolenjska and Bela Krajina
This area has winegrowing hills and small churches, castle and monasteries, mighty forests and gentle birch groves give the extensive region of southeastern Slovenia a very picturesque appearance. Dolenjska, which shakes hands with Bela krajina across the scenic Gorjanci mountain range, is a region with countless possibilities for relaxation, exploration, and pleasure and numerous fascinating stops on its heritage trails and wine roads.
A view of the Soča and the upper Sava river valleys spreads below Mount Triglav, Slovenia’s highest mountain. Lying between the two rivers is Triglav National Park, which protects numerous endemic animal and plant species in a region of high rocky mountains, deeply cut river gorges, high-mountain karst shafts, and attractive low mountains as well as the traditions of the once difficult life of mountain farmers and alpine dairymen.
Ljubljana and its Surroundings
A city by the river on which the mythological Argonauts carried the Golden Fleece, a city by a moor where the crannog dwellers once lived, a city with the rich heritage of Roman Emona, a city that was once the capital of the Province of Carniola and the capital of Napoleon’s Illyrian Provinces, a city of Renaissance, Baroque, and especially Art Nouveau facades, a city that boasts the greatest exhibition of the architecture of the master Jože Plečnik—all this is Ljubljana
Pohorje and surroundings
Wherever travellers come from, the Pohorje region, the green specialty of Slovenia’s mountain world, greets them with remarkable peat moors with lakes, extensive grassy plains and slopes that in winter become attractive ski areas, mighty forests and gigantic trees, well-marked mountaineering and hiking trails, hospitable inns, and inviting sporting and tourist centres.
The dreamy countryside along the Mura River in eastern Slovenia is a land of wide fields and rounded hills, storks and wind-rattles, floating mills, healing waters and energy points, picturesque winegrowing hills, original traditions and dialects, and most of all, a land of hospitable people, who live in Slovenia’s largest agricultural region
This is from one of the most beautiful alpine valleys past the medieval castle inspirations of the Celje Counts to mysterious Kozjansko, the Savinjska region offers secret corners of unspoiled nature, thermal and climatic health resorts, towns and cities with interesting pasts and lively presents, hospitable farms, places with sporting challenges
In central Slovenia, the undulating Posavsko hribovje hills spread on the both sides of the Sava River. Wagon roads once led across their picturesque peaks, but today the hills and the mountains above Litija, Zagorje, Trbovlje, and Hrastnik are mostly popular excursion destinations. These towns beside the Sava and close to the most important Slovene railway lines are full of mining traditions
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