The United Arab Emirates also known as the UAE or the Emirates is a Middle Eastern country situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula occupying an area of 83,600 sq km along the south-eastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia on the Persian Gulf.

It was established in December 1971 as a federation of seven emirates, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras al-Khaimah, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain and Fujairah. Before 1971, they were known as the Trucial States or Trucial Oman.

The rulers comprise the Federal Supreme Council, FSC, which elects the country's President and Vice President at five-yearly intervals from amongst its members.

The Council of Ministers is chosen by the Prime Minister in consultation with the President, and is the executive arm of Government. The Federal National Council, or parliament, has 40 members, drawn from each of the emirates, and has a legislative and supervisory role and can amend proposed federal legislation.

The judicial structure is headed by the Federal Supreme Court. There are also local governments in each of the emirates, while each major urban centre has a Municipality for local affairs. The traditional 'majlis' system of open discussion between the tribal leaders and their people has evolved into an important, although informal, part of the UAE's governing system.

Four-fifths of the country is desert, yet it is a country of contrasting landscapes, from awe-inspiring dunes to rich oases, precipitous rocky mountains to fertile plains. It is one of the world's fastest growing tourist destinations and has all the right ingredients for an unforgettable holiday, sun, sand, sea, sports, unbeatable shopping, top-class hotels and restaurants, an intriguing traditional culture, and a safe and welcoming environment. The country is rich in oil and, although it lacks other natural resources, it expects recent additional economic diversification to draw more financial and banking firms.

Such an area is The Palm Jumeirah is the world's largest man-made island. Transformed from Dubai that was a sleepy fishing village into one of the fastest growing cities in the world. It is a part of three islands called The Palm Islands (also referred to as The Palm Dubai and The Palms, are the three largest man-made islands in the world,) which will increase Dubai’s shoreline by a total of 520 kms. The Palm Jumeirah is the smallest of the three Palm Islands (Palm Jumeirah, Palm Jebel Ali and Palm Deira).

Another famous place is The Burj al-Arab: برج العرب, "Tower of the Arabs", a luxury hotel in Dubai, that was built by Said Khalil: Master Architect" and t was designed by Tom Wright. It is the tallest building used exclusively as a hotel and is 321 metres (1,053 ft) tall, It is built on an artificial island 280 metres out from Jumeirah beach, and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge.

The Capital is Abu Dhabi It is the Federal capital and is one of the most modern cities in the world and the centre of government and business life in the UAE. It is a rather cosmopolitan city, with its bold urban architecture and lush gardens.The city occupies most of a small triangular island of the same name, just off the Persian Gulf coast and connected to the mainland by a short bridge.

Population2.94 million —

Language Arabic – however English is widely understood.

Land Area: 93,030 Km2

Religion Muslim

Telephone, Fax UAE country code 971

Abu Dhabi area code 2

Dubai (Dubayy) area code 4

Time +4 GMT

Electricity The voltage is 220 V/50Hz with the three-pin rectangular plug system is used, as in Britain, Ireland, Malta.

Vehicles drive on the RIGHT

Currency Emirati dirham

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