FACT FILE — Wales Cymru :

Welcome to Wales — Croeso Cymru

WALES: Is the smallest of the three countries in Britain. It occupies a broad peninsula on the west side of Britain. The country also includes the island of Anglesey (with fast catamaran car ferry connections to Ireland). The country is almost entirely mountainous with two main ranges, the Cambrian that extend north to south through the centre and Snowdon in the north, the climate is very similar to that of England. It has always maintained its historical independence and individuality and has it's own parliament — the Welsh Asembly (although most major laws are still passed at Westminster, London).


The official languages are English and Welsh and you will see that most signposting on the roads and street signs are in two languages.

See also Driving in the UK at insurance4carrental.com

Population The shape and nature of the land have a huge influence on population. About half the population live in the south in an around the Cardiff, Newport and Swansea area.Travel into the hills and mountains and the population soon becomes thinly scattered across large areas dotted with the occasional small town/village.

Climate Wales is a mixture of weather patterns. It has been said Wales is green because of the rain. Not so true as many parts of the country have average or below-average rainfall — it even boasts some of the sunniest spots in Britain

The Counties of Wales

There are 13 counties in Wales:

Anglesey — Sir Fôn.

Brecknockshire — ( Breconshire ) Sir Frycheiniog

Caernarfonshire — (Carnarvonshire) Sir Gaernarfon

Cardiganshire — Ceredigion or Sir Aberteifi

Carmarthenshire — Sir Gaerfyrddin

Denbighshire — Sir Ddinbych

Flintshire — Sir y Fflint

Glamorgan — Morgannwg

Merioneth — Meirionnydd

Monmouthshire — Sir Fynwy

Montgomeryshire — Sir Drefaldwyn

Pembrokeshire — Sir Benfro

Radnorshire — Sir Faesyfed

(Powys covers the former administrative counties of Montgomeryshire and Radnorshire, most of Brecknockshire, and a small part of Denbighshire)

Cardiff the capital City of Wales

It celebrated its centenary in 2005 It is a vibrant city that has undergone a major transformation of the last few year with the docklands development being transformed into a stunning waterfront with a wealth of attractions, leisure facilities and its own Visitor Centre 'The Tube' to keep you informed. There is also the Millennium sports stadium that has been home to English football final whilst Wembley stadium has been rebuilt.

It has a thriving cultural scene, accommodation to suit all budgets, a diverse mix of entertainment, restaurants and bars and some of the best shopping in the UK. It also has the advantage of being very close to the sea.

Cardiff’s arts facilities are exceptional, with the National Museum and Gallery housing the second largest Impressionist collection after Paris. Cardiff's Bay has been transformed into a stunning waterfront with a wealth of attractions, leisure facilities and its own Visitor Centre 'The Tube' to keep you informed. South Wales is strewn with castles and Cardiff has its fair share; most notable the stunningly elaborate Cardiff Castle located in the centre of the city. On the northern edge of Cardiff, set in the wooded hillside, is the fairytale Castell Coch (Red Castle) located.

Other major towns and cities are:

Newport - a busy industrial town that is close to Cardiff and benefits from all of the capital's facilities and infrastructure.

Swansea is the country's sesond largest city and like Cardiff the dockland area has been extensively redeveloped as a leisure centre and marina.

Holyhead has excellent road connections with the new A55 from the north coast of Wales and Chester border area connecting it to the port (Fast ferry services to Ireland)

Also: Ruthin, Porthmadog, Llangollen, Llandudno, Llanberis, Caerphilly, Caernarfon, Betws Y Coed, Aberystwyth

Voltage: The standard electrical voltage in Wales/ Britain is 240 v AC, 50HZ. A three square pronged adapter plug and/or electric converter for appliances is required

Currency: Pound Sterling [United Kingdom Pound] (£)

Population 2006: 2,952,500

Land Area: 20,779 Km2


This information is supplied by HOLIDAY AUTOS Worlwide Car Hire

Drink and driving: Blood alcohol limit is 80 mg.

Built-up areas: 30 mph single carriage ways: 60 mph dual carriage ways: 70 mph motorways: 70 mph.

Vehicles drive on the LEFT and only overtake vehicles on the right.

At roundabouts, traffic coming from the right has priority.

Make sure you understand about double and single yellow line. parking.

It is illegal to use a hand-held mobile when driving.

As long as you hold a full licence in your own country and have done so for at least a year, you can drive on British roads.

Motorways are shown by 'M' plus a number on signs. There are no toll charges to pay on British motorways except the M4 Severn Bridge into Wales, the Humber Bridge near Hull, the M25 Dartford Tunnel and part of the M6 (north of Birmingham) England.

Try and avoid the M25 'London Orbital ' and the M5/M6 in Birmingham during rush hour times (0800-0930 and 1630-1800) as these can be extremely busy.

International Dialling Code: +44

Emergency Telephone number: pan-EU Emergency 112 Can be used in all EU Countries and it can be dialled from a locked mobile or a mobile with no sim card.

Currency: Pound Sterling [United Kingdom Pound] (£)

Vehicles drive on the LEFT

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Enjoy your visit to Wales


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